Effects of Agriculture during the Neolithic Revolution

Agriculture was born in the Middle East in 12,000 BCE (and elsewhere independently around the world) during the Neolithic Revolution; it was a means of reliable sustenance that eliminated the necessity for hunting and gathering. Humans begin to form agricultural societies focused on the growth and breeding of plants and animals; the first cities emerge, and the human population dramatically increases. Cattle, goats, sheep, and pigs become popular farmed animals. A mutation for lactose tolerance becomes widespread as milk provides added nutrition (and a surer lifespan) for cow herders.

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